What are carbohydrates? Carbohydrates are compounds produced by the elements C, H and o. the presence of carbohydrates on Earth is very abundant and is a very nutrient needed by the human body.
Based on molecular size, CARB is divided into three, i.e., Monosaccharides, Disakrida and Polisakrida. While in the science of nutrition, carbohydrates are distinguished into two, namely simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Further discussion on this matter will be described in the article types of carbohydrates.
The Function Of Carbohydrates To The Human Body
1. The body’s energy Source
The primary function of carbohydrates is the main energy supply as for the body. Each gram of carbohydrates yielding 4 kkalori. The presence of carbohydrates in the body, some are on the circulation of blood as glucose for energy, some is found in the liver and muscles as glycogen, and partly the rest converted into fat and then stored as energy reserves in the fatty tissues.
2. Launch the digestive system
Foods high in carbohydrates are rich in fiber which serves to launch the digestive system and bowel movements. Fiber in food may help prevent obesity, colon cancer, diabetes, and coronary artery disease associated with high cholesterol.
3. Optimize Protein Function
When the daily carbohydrate requirement is not met, then grow will take proteins as energy reserves. As a result the protein functions as a builder of substance is not optimal. Meet the needs of carbohydrates will make his primary duties as a protein substance forming the body.
4. Regulate the metabolism of Fat
Other carbohydrates, that function as a regulator of fat metabolism in the body. Carbohydrates prevent the occurrence of oxidation of the fat that is not perfect.
5. Carbohydrates As a natural Sweetener
Carbohydrates also serves as a giver of sweetness on the food, especially the Monosaccharides and disaccharides. Sugar does not have the same sweetness, and fructose is the sweetest kind of sugar.
Various Types Of Food Sources Of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are compounds whose existence is very abundant in this world. A great many types of foods containing carbohydrates. Here are some of them:
1. Brown rice
Its high content of fibers that make red rice is considered a source of good carbs and healthy. Red Rice also contains magnesium, iron, vitamin B, vitamin B2, vitamin B3 and vitamin B6. Brown rice can also reduce LDL “bad cholesterol” without reducing the HDL “good” cholesterol. Eating two or more servings of brown rice also reduces the risk of diabetes.
2. Boiled potatoes
Food sources of carbs last is indeed no doubt. The high starch content of this food causes give rise to a sense of fullness and also generate substantial calories. Therefore it’s no wonder some people can withstand hunger until lunch only with breakfast potatoes.
3. Sweet potato
Sweet potatoes are a healthy carbohydrate source for sufferers of heartburn, diabetes, weight problems and arthritis. Nutrients contained in it is fiber, manganese, copper, iron, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin B6. Sweet potatoes are also rich in beta-carotene which is antoiksidan which is found in green leafy vegetables.
Sagu became the staple food for the population in the area of Maluku or Papua. Plants grown in the ordinary sago swamps in Eastern Indonesia area and rarely found in the Western region of Indonesia. Its shape is like a powder which will then be processed. Eastern Indonesia this community cultivate sago into shape like a sticky porridge called papeda commonly eaten with fish gravy yellow.
Cassava is also one of the staple food in Indonesia. The roots of this plant can be a glut of food. Usually served with made into food, fried or boiled.
6. Whole Wheat Bread
There are many whole grain breads are sold in the market. But is it really a fiber-rich whole wheat? Not necessarily. Don’t just believe with whole wheat bread ‘ labels ‘ on the packaging. See also the list of ingredients. If written, wheat flour, corn syrup, sugar, fructose or artificial flavorings/developer, you should not buy it.
7. Wheat Cereal
Cereal grain processing does not suffer too much in comparison to the ubiquitous in processed white bread and pasta. Eating whole grain to make the stomach feel full longer and can increase metabolism, because the body requires a lot of power for processing are. Cereal grain can be consumed in the form of barley, brown rice and brown rice.
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